Big Teeth


Teeth play a vital role in our daily conversation and smile. Do you feel confident while smiling or conversing with someone special? If not, there are many reasons behind it, and much we can do for its treatment.

One of the main reasons is big teeth when someone feels them too big to appear while smiling or conversing. Of course, it rarely happens in people, but when someone faces this issue, it creates a psychological effect that everyone might notice their big teeth.


Macrodontia – The Condition of Unusually Big Teeth

It can happen due to small jaws or big teeth bone. Any person with more than two standard deviations that are more than average of age and gender is believed to have a condition known as macrodontia, a dental complication in which a tooth or group of the tooth appears to be abnormally larger than average size. A person with such a problem may face functional and aesthetic crises that may affect the quality of an individual’s life while conversing with anyone. In addition, the problem is often referred to with genetic and endocrine aberrations.

Those facing macrodontia may have at least one or two teeth unusually larger, appearing with an extra-large tooth formation. In addition, people facing this problem may have larger pituitary glands and growth of prominent facial features. It has come to light that genetics, race, environment and hormone issues contribute to arising of macrodontia. According to such patients’ case studies, this condition is more likely to prevail in men that reside in Asia.


Overbite or Buck Teeth: Malocclusion of Teeth due to Big Teeth

The overbite is commonly viewed as a minor physical flaw and often ignored, leading to serious dental health issues. Overbite, a condition also known as buck teeth, is a type of malocclusion in which jaws are misaligned so that the upper jaw is protruded by over 2 mm, which is the gap between upper and lower teeth.

It also occurs due to big front teeth that push the upper lip entirely and the lower lip partially. The condition appears with the growth of two upper teeth more than the rest, which becomes prominent for others to notice.  Other than aesthetic functions, the patients with this problem may experience improper bite.


Causes of Longer Teeth:

The reason for big teeth growth in kids and adults could be numerous. Let’s go through some of the reasons as stated below:

  • Tooth Angulation

At the initial stages of child growth, some children develop the habit of sucking different things, including their thumb. As a result, some parents try to provide them with a pacifier to soothe and prevent them from crying.

These habits of sucking exert pressure on the upper teeth when they bite and try to force the pull the thing out, due to which the teeth start to grow in abnormal angular position. The angular growth of teeth sometimes results in abnormal growth due to misalignment and the absence of counterforce from the lower jaw. These conditions are the reason that causes problems like large teeth and overbite after a certain period in life.

  • Tooth Malposition due to Narrow Palate

The condition of a narrow palate may result in big teeth due to the crowded growth of baby teeth in the crowded position. Later, when permanent develops, it erupts from wherever it finds free space and loses alignment. Finally, it starts to grow at an abnormal angle if the space found for its growth is too small, resulting in big teeth and bad bites.

  • Hormone Imbalance

In some cases, macrodontia seems to have been associated with hormone change. The hormone imbalance related explicitly to the pituitary gland may be the reason for irregular teeth size and growth.

  • Genetics, Race, Environment and Other Conditions

Among other reasons, dentists are convinced to believe genetics to be a likely cause of macrodontia. For example, the growth of front teeth together could result from a mutation that enables the development without stopping at the due time, resulting in larger teeth.

Other Conditions that contribute in the development of macrodontia includes:

  • Environmental changes.
  • The role of race and gender.
  • Exposure to toxins.
  • Radiation
  • Diet

Treatment for Irregular Teeth Growth

The first step involved in treating macrodontia is a diagnosis done with the help of an X-ray by the dentist. After examining the X-ray specific course of treatment is recommended to the patient.

Treatment for Irregular Teeth Growth

If it is not related to abnormal teeth growth, your doctor may suggest you visit a cosmetic dentist. A cosmetic dentist may help you with the best course of action to improve aesthetics. Let’s discuss the following methods for the treatment of macrodontia.


  • Orthodontics

The branch of dentistry that treats malocclusion is known as orthodontics. Dentists use this method to straighten the teeth and expand jaws where necessary. In addition, jaws are treated with a palate expander to create space for crowded teeth to avoid angular development of permanent teeth.

If your dentist diagnoses you with such an issue, he may refer you to an orthodontist, which may help you reduce tooth crowding and big teeth to appear proper in size.


  • Tooth Shaving

Your dentist may suggest you to a cosmetic dentist after the diagnosis of your teeth. Tooth shaving is the option to treat macrodontia with the help of a sanding device. The sanding device is gently used to reduce some of the outside surfaces of teeth to make them look smoother and smaller.

People with weak enamel are suggested to avoid this procedure. You may not experience any pain if your teeth are healthy. It is your doctor to decide the strength of your teeth as shaving down weak teeth can expose the interior that may cause pain and damage to teeth.


  • Teeth Removal

Tooth removal is the last option left to a dentist in case of failure by treating through other methods. Removal of teeth helps in creating space for other teeth that exists in the mouth. The technique is adopted to reduce the crowding of teeth. Big teeth affected by macrodontia may be removed and can be replaced with denture or false teeth crown. The method is potentially used to improve the aesthetic of your mouth.


Read More: Why Teeth Turn Yellow? 7 Remedies to Reverse Tooth Discoloration



To conclude, if you have big teeth, it could be due to a variety of reasons. It could be due to heredity, it could be due to an infection, or it could be due to a medical condition. If you are concerned about your big teeth, please consult with a medical professional. And, as always, please leave your valued feedback in the comment section below.

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